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Information:

When Was the Wonder Created:
The foundation dates back to seventh century BC and the actual structure dates to 550BC

Who Discovered the Wonder:
The site was excavated in the late 1800’s and recent attempts to again rebuild the temple have yielded only a few column resurrections.

What is the Location of the Wonder:
The ancient city of Ephesus near the modern town of Selcuk, about 50 km south of Izmir ( Smyrna ) in Turkey

Does The Wonder Still Exist?
The temple was burned and destroyed on several occations. Sections of the columns remain.

Does the Wonder Attract Tourism?
People came from as far as Persia and India to deliver offerings to the God Artemis. Today, there are many tour groups offering a chance to visit the Ephesias area and the Temple of Artemis ruins

Who Made The Wonder?
The temple was sponsored by the Lydian King Croesus and was designed by the Greek architect Chersiphron. Bronze statues of the Amazons were sculpted by the best artists of the time: Pheidias, Polycleitus, Kresilas, and Phradmon

Why Was the Wonder Made?
The Temple of Artemis was built in honour of the Greek goddess of hunting, wild nature, and fertility, Artemis. The temple served as a marketplace and religious institution.

 

Other Information:

On July 21, 356 BC Herostratus burned the temple down trying to immortalize his name. By coincidence, Alexander the Great was born this night and when he conquered the area, he offered to rebuild it. It was not rebuilt until 323BC. Legend says that the God Artemis was too busy with the birth of Alexander to watch over his temple and prevent the burning.
The temple was again destroyed by the Goths in 262AD and the Ephesians vowed to rebuild. By 300AD, most Ephesians had converted to Christianity and the temple had lost much meaning. In 401AD the remainder of the temple was torn down by St. John Chrysostom.

Unlike other temples of the day, the temple was made of marble and contained a decorated façade overlooking a spacious courtyard. A high terrace was approximately 80m by 130m . The columns were 20m high with Ionic Capitals and carved circular sides. 127 Columns total

 

Temple of Artemis Photo Gallery





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